Rotary eClub One, District 5450
World's 1st eClub (Jan 2002)
Public Website

Request a Makeup Confirmation

Once you have spent at least one-half hour on our website, use the button above to request a makeup confirmation. Please use your 30 minute visit to review a variety of articles from our Programs section and/or information from our web site pages. As always, Rotarians should apply the 4-Way Test to the time they spend on the Rotary eClub One site for a make-up.

Do you have a program or an idea for a program? Please click here for submission details.

Seeds of Change

by Rotarian Francis Koster

       Even Futurists have to eat, so last fall I was digging in my garden when along came a happy pair - granddaughter - aged about 8, and Grandma (we won't go there). The shy little girl asked what I was doing. I told her to watch, and gently turned over my first ever sweet potatoes - which were HUGE! I don't know who was more thrilled - the little girl, or me.


She then stunned me. She said "I did not know potatoes came from the ground."


I dug some more sweet potatoes to find several big ones she and grandma could take home to grandpa, and she set off with a big smile, arms loaded, promising to come visit again. I hope she does.


[In the US] during the second world war, 40% of all fruits and vegetables were grown outside farmsi. All that food was produced in back yard victory gardens. The required gardening knowledge was handed from grandparent to parent to child. This know-how provided an important part of our food supply during a major challenge to our country's survival.


And it could not happen today. When bright kids don't know that sweet potatoes come from the ground, we are all in trouble.


We are in trouble now because (by volume), 79% of all fish and shellfish, 32% of all fruits and nuts, and 13% of all vegetables are imported via airplanes and large trucks from other countries.ii In addition to rapidly rising transportation cost (which raises the cost of food), this creates a "potential disease vector" - a way for bugs, diseases, and critters from afar to sneak into our neighborhoods and infest plants, which then reduces our food supply. For example, The Wall Street Journal recently carried a story about an imported insect borne disease that kills citrus plants. This disease is threatening to erase both Florida's and California's citrus industry, at a potential loss of billions of dollars and thousands of jobs, as it already has in Brazil and China. iii


Simply put, if you raise food close to home and in many smaller plots, you avoid what military strategists call "putting all your eggs in one basket" risk. You also hand down vital knowledge from generation to generation for use when needed.


There is a movement afoot to both increase local food resiliency, and educate more children about where food comes from. Call it "Community Gardens," or "School Gardens" or something else, what we are seeing are local efforts to reclaim skills before their loss is so great that our society is put at further risk.


One interesting dimension of the centralization of food growing is that agribusiness does not want crops that produce their harvest spread out over many weeks or months. . . .They want food crops that ripen at a determinable time. And they got them.


Go to the garden store, and examine the seed packets. You will see some labeled "Determinate". The number of blooms is genetically preset (or determined). This means that the food ripens at a specific narrow window in time, suitable for mass harvest or mechanical picking. Other seed packets are marked "Indeterminate." Indeterminate means the number of blooms depends on the weather conditions but is not genetically determined. These plants produce food which ripens a piece at a time...and will be more suited to a family garden where several tomatoes a week over months is better than hundreds in a single week.iv


As a nation, we need children who know where potatoes come from, and corn, and milk, and fish. Distance from basic systems of life support creates a form of national vulnerability which is quite subtle, and very dangerous, because without this knowledge the need to protect the purity of those systems is not understood.


You can make a contribution to spreading food production knowledge by teaching neighborhood kids and helping hungry neighbors. Contact your local soup kitchen or homeless shelter, and ask them what vegetable they need planted, and when they need it. A few more seeds in your yard can make a huge difference in someone else's life. Contact your local Agriculture Extension Office for guidance about what grows well in your area. You can help nourish our nation's future.




About Francis Kostner:


Francis Koster received his Doctorate from The Program for the Study of the Future at the University of Massachusetts, where he studied the implications of likely global future trends and their impact on the public policy of the "life support systems" of Air, Water, Food, and Energy, the interplay between them, and their impact on public health of The United States. 


He has been an award winning innovator in Education, Energy, and Healthcare, serving at various times as student and staff at an experimental college, administrator of the nation's largest renewable energy program, and Vice President for Innovation for the nation's largest pediatric sub-specialty health system.


Post "retirement," Dr. Koster maintains a consulting practice.  His clients include the Duke University Graduate School of Nursing where he helped new curricula in the areas of leadership and project management, and the Catawba College Center for the Environment, among other clients.  He is a frequent speaker to groups of adult leaders on matters of public policy, sustainability, and life support systems.


Dr. Koster is married to Dr. Carol Spalding, President of Rowan-Cabarrus Community College in North Carolina. 


In addition to his consulting practice and newspaper writing, Dr. Koster runs a website called, which collects and displays proven solutions to known problems facing America.


Dr. Koster has served in the United States Army National Guard, and as a Peace Corps Volunteer in Africa.




Request a Makeup Confirmation